Dried Turmeric spice
Turmeric(Curcuma longa) is a rhizomatous herbaceous perennial plant of the ginger family,
Turmeric grows wild in the forests of South and Southeast Asia. It
is one of the key ingredients in many Asian dishes.
Turmeric is mostly used in savory dishes, but is used in some sweet
dishes, such as the cakeSfouf. In India, turmeric plant leaf is used to prepare special sweet
dishes,patoleo, by layering rice flour and coconut-jaggery mixture on the leaf,
and then closing and steaming it in a special copper steamer (goa).
In recipes outside South Asia, turmeric is sometimes used as an
agent to impart a rich, custard-like yellow color. It is used in
canned beverages and baked products, dairy products, ice cream,
yogurt, yellow cakes, orange juice, biscuits, popcorn color,
sweets, cake icings, cereals, sauces, gelatins, etc. It is a
significant ingredient in most commercial curry powders.
Most turmeric that is used is in the form of rhizome powder, in
some regions (especially in Maharashtra, Goa, Konkan and Kanara),
turmeric leaves are used to wrap and cook food. This use of
turmeric leaves usually takes place in areas where turmeric is
grown locally, since the leaves used are freshly picked. Turmeric
leaves impart a distinctive flavor.
Although typically used in its dried, powdered form, turmeric is
also used fresh, like ginger. It has numerous uses in Far Eastern
recipes, such as pickle made from fresh turmeric that contains
large chunks of soft turmeric.
Turmeric is widely used as a spice in South Asian and Middle
Eastern cooking. Many Persian dishes use turmeric as a starter
ingredient. Almost all Iranian fried dishes consist of oil, onions,
and turmeric followed by any other ingredients that are to be
In Nepal, turmeric is widely grown and extensively used in many
vegetable and meat dishes for its color as well as for its
potential value in traditional medicine. In South Africa, turmeric
is used to give boiled white rice a golden color.
In Vietnam, turmeric powder is used to color, and enhance the
flavors of, certain dishes.The powder is also used in many other
Vietnamese stir fried and soup dishes.
In Indonesia, the turmeric leaves are used for Minangese or
Padangese curry base of Sumatra, such asrendang,sate padangand many other varieties.
In medieval Europe, turmeric became known asIndian saffronbecause it was widely used as an alternative to the far more
expensive saffron spice.